Dyslexia is one of the most common learning disabilities and about 4% of people over the world suffer from it. These patients have difficulty in processing language, especially in tasks involving reading and writing. Dyslexia is more common in males as compared to females and it can continue into adulthood also.
Reading (and spelling):
The child is often confused by letters, numbers, words, sequences or verbal explanations
His reading or writing shows repetitions, additions, transpositions , omissions, substitutions, and reversals in letters, numbers and/or words
He may feel that the letters or words to be moving or jumping around on the page when he is reading or writing
He reads and rereads with little comprehension.
He seems to have difficulty with vision, yet eye exams don’t reveal a problem
Writing (motor skills):
He has trouble with writing or copying in class
He is clumsy, uncoordinated while writing, handwriting may be illegible
He can be ambidextrous and often confuses left/right, over/under
Hearing and Speech:
The child is easily distracted by sounds or he may hear things that have not been said
He may face difficulty in speaking out what he is thinking (cannot put thoughts into words)
He may mispronounce words (e.g. God instead of Dog), transpose words while speaking, leave sentences incomplete or take long halts during his speech
He has poor memory for facts, sequences, information that has not been experienced
His memory can be very good for things that have been experienced.
In general the child can appear to be very bright and intelligent but when it comes to reading, writing, spellings, etc he can be very bad at these
The child learns best through experience, observation, demonstrations, experimentation, and visual aids
He can fare well in verbal tests but may not be able to do well in written exams